Laparoscopic surgery, also known as minimally invasive surgery or keyhole surgery is a contemporary surgical procedure, with the help of which operations are performed through small lacerations at the affected spot of the body. Laparoscope is a long fiber optic attached with cable system, video camera and cold light (Xenon), inserted inside the body to acquire the clear picture of the inside.
Laparoscopic surgery is used for the operations within the abdominal or pelvic cavities and operations of the thoracic or chest cavity is considered as thoracoscopic surgery. The equipments involved in this surgery comprises of forceps, scissors, probes, dissectors, hooks and retractors. It have more advantages as compared to open surgeries as small incisions will cause less blood loss, safest, fastest and require less recovery time.
Types of Laparoscopy:
• Conventional:The regular procedure of performing laparoscopic surgery by creating incisions of 5-10mm for the insertion of trocars and other instruments.
• Mini: In this type of laparoscopic surgery, the incisions are smaller i.e. 3mm as compared to conventional with better cosmetic outcome. It is almost pain-free and applicable for children and young women.
• Single Incision: It is a very unique technique as all the trocars and instruments are inserted through one single incision with outstanding cosmetic outcome.